Discrimination Psychology – An introduction
Discrimination learning is defined as a special process in psychology which enables living beings to respond against varying stimuli. Being able to discriminate is considered to be a form of learning. It helps living beings to respond against stimuli which vary from each other. Perception of conditioned and unconditioned stimuli is understood to be an advanced process in psychology. Animals can be trained or given repetitive stimuli to recognize and respond accordingly. Therefore, taking into consideration the most accurate literary meaning ‘discrimination’, can be defined as an ability to distinguish between a given set of stimuli.
In the discipline of psychology, discrimination learning can be understood to be a process by which animals or people learn to respond differently. This was a part of classical psychology which was much in vogue between the years 1920s to the 1970s. However, it was understood that animals could be trained to respond to discriminated as well as generalized stimuli. In order to train animals on procedures of discrimination, it is advantageous to know more about the sensory nerves of animals. As a matter of fact, this is a mandate before training them and getting them tested in a laboratory. For instance, if a dog is trained to be salivated with the help of a red light being simultaneously paired with food, the dog will continuously salivate based on similarly recognized condition/s. Therefore, taking into consideration, the most accurate literary meaning, discrimination can be defined as an ability to distinguish between one particular thing and the other.
Apart from the psychological context, if we consider the legal sense, discrimination actually means to be different. Discrimination in the legal context can be defined as unequal or unfair treatment of a person, based on certain traits. ‘Discrimination in the workplace’, for example is created against gender bias, and so on and so forth.