Definition of egocentrism psychology
Egocentrism is technically is an ability of the children to see things or understand things other than their own perspective. This mainly happens at the preoperational stage of development of the child. This concept is based on the theory of cognitive development by Jean Piaget. An example will clear the egocentrism psychology definition more clearly. Flora is a little child when she gets a call from her father from office she gets excited to pick up the phone. Now when her father asks her whether mommy is home, in reply Flora just nods her head. She can’t even realize that her father can’t see her nodding her face. This sort of acts is defined as egocentrism psychology.
Jean Piaget has closely noticed the development stages of children up to maturation and he has noticed that egocentrism is the primary stage of every child which lasts till the age of 6. The reason behind using such term is the tendency of the children to be only aware of themselves and of their own needs during this period. The egocentrism psychology defination says, during this age, children think that they are the center of the universe and everyone is ready to cater their needs. That’s why they don’t even care whether anyone is not getting what they are talking, seeing etc.
During this period, children are not able to grasp the point of view of the others. They see everything from their point of view and also respond according to that. But this is not the case only with the children as mentioned in the egocentrism psychology defination. This may also happen during the teenage years as well according to Elkind.
Egocentrism in adults
Egocentrism may well be present in adolescence as well. And during this age the teenagers think that an imaginary audience has surrounded them all the time. They think that every moves and every activity of them are being watched and criticized by others. And they think that they cannot avoid the scrutiny of others. Elkind has named this as imaginary audience. And this largely determines the activity of them in the social world. The imaginary audience even can be the friends in many times. According to the egocentrism psychology defination, during adolescence In order to get appreciation from a boy, a girl at young age can spend hours in her makeup. In most of the cases the imaginary audience doesn’t exist but in the mind of the boy or girl.